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authorDipankar Sarma <dipankar@in.ibm.com>2006-03-07 21:55:35 -0800
committerLinus Torvalds <torvalds@g5.osdl.org>2006-03-08 14:14:01 -0800
commit529bf6be5c04f2e869d07bfdb122e9fd98ade714 (patch)
tree38514bb3941c4ac2a79266e4483663b79efa2f22 /fs/file_table.c
parent21a1ea9eb40411d4ee29448c53b9e4c0654d6ceb (diff)
downloadlinux-bcache-529bf6be5c04f2e869d07bfdb122e9fd98ade714.tar.zst
[PATCH] fix file counting
I have benchmarked this on an x86_64 NUMA system and see no significant performance difference on kernbench. Tested on both x86_64 and powerpc. The way we do file struct accounting is not very suitable for batched freeing. For scalability reasons, file accounting was constructor/destructor based. This meant that nr_files was decremented only when the object was removed from the slab cache. This is susceptible to slab fragmentation. With RCU based file structure, consequent batched freeing and a test program like Serge's, we just speed this up and end up with a very fragmented slab - llm22:~ # cat /proc/sys/fs/file-nr 587730 0 758844 At the same time, I see only a 2000+ objects in filp cache. The following patch I fixes this problem. This patch changes the file counting by removing the filp_count_lock. Instead we use a separate percpu counter, nr_files, for now and all accesses to it are through get_nr_files() api. In the sysctl handler for nr_files, we populate files_stat.nr_files before returning to user. Counting files as an when they are created and destroyed (as opposed to inside slab) allows us to correctly count open files with RCU. Signed-off-by: Dipankar Sarma <dipankar@in.ibm.com> Cc: "Paul E. McKenney" <paulmck@us.ibm.com> Cc: "David S. Miller" <davem@davemloft.net> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@osdl.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>
Diffstat (limited to 'fs/file_table.c')
-rw-r--r--fs/file_table.c87
1 files changed, 55 insertions, 32 deletions
diff --git a/fs/file_table.c b/fs/file_table.c
index 768b58167543..44fabeaa9415 100644
--- a/fs/file_table.c
+++ b/fs/file_table.c
@@ -5,6 +5,7 @@
* Copyright (C) 1997 David S. Miller (davem@caip.rutgers.edu)
*/
+#include <linux/config.h>
#include <linux/string.h>
#include <linux/slab.h>
#include <linux/file.h>
@@ -19,52 +20,67 @@
#include <linux/capability.h>
#include <linux/cdev.h>
#include <linux/fsnotify.h>
+#include <linux/sysctl.h>
+#include <linux/percpu_counter.h>
+
+#include <asm/atomic.h>
/* sysctl tunables... */
struct files_stat_struct files_stat = {
.max_files = NR_FILE
};
-EXPORT_SYMBOL(files_stat); /* Needed by unix.o */
-
/* public. Not pretty! */
- __cacheline_aligned_in_smp DEFINE_SPINLOCK(files_lock);
+__cacheline_aligned_in_smp DEFINE_SPINLOCK(files_lock);
-static DEFINE_SPINLOCK(filp_count_lock);
+static struct percpu_counter nr_files __cacheline_aligned_in_smp;
-/* slab constructors and destructors are called from arbitrary
- * context and must be fully threaded - use a local spinlock
- * to protect files_stat.nr_files
- */
-void filp_ctor(void *objp, struct kmem_cache *cachep, unsigned long cflags)
+static inline void file_free_rcu(struct rcu_head *head)
{
- if ((cflags & (SLAB_CTOR_VERIFY|SLAB_CTOR_CONSTRUCTOR)) ==
- SLAB_CTOR_CONSTRUCTOR) {
- unsigned long flags;
- spin_lock_irqsave(&filp_count_lock, flags);
- files_stat.nr_files++;
- spin_unlock_irqrestore(&filp_count_lock, flags);
- }
+ struct file *f = container_of(head, struct file, f_u.fu_rcuhead);
+ kmem_cache_free(filp_cachep, f);
}
-void filp_dtor(void *objp, struct kmem_cache *cachep, unsigned long dflags)
+static inline void file_free(struct file *f)
{
- unsigned long flags;
- spin_lock_irqsave(&filp_count_lock, flags);
- files_stat.nr_files--;
- spin_unlock_irqrestore(&filp_count_lock, flags);
+ percpu_counter_dec(&nr_files);
+ call_rcu(&f->f_u.fu_rcuhead, file_free_rcu);
}
-static inline void file_free_rcu(struct rcu_head *head)
+/*
+ * Return the total number of open files in the system
+ */
+static int get_nr_files(void)
{
- struct file *f = container_of(head, struct file, f_u.fu_rcuhead);
- kmem_cache_free(filp_cachep, f);
+ return percpu_counter_read_positive(&nr_files);
}
-static inline void file_free(struct file *f)
+/*
+ * Return the maximum number of open files in the system
+ */
+int get_max_files(void)
{
- call_rcu(&f->f_u.fu_rcuhead, file_free_rcu);
+ return files_stat.max_files;
}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(get_max_files);
+
+/*
+ * Handle nr_files sysctl
+ */
+#if defined(CONFIG_SYSCTL) && defined(CONFIG_PROC_FS)
+int proc_nr_files(ctl_table *table, int write, struct file *filp,
+ void __user *buffer, size_t *lenp, loff_t *ppos)
+{
+ files_stat.nr_files = get_nr_files();
+ return proc_dointvec(table, write, filp, buffer, lenp, ppos);
+}
+#else
+int proc_nr_files(ctl_table *table, int write, struct file *filp,
+ void __user *buffer, size_t *lenp, loff_t *ppos)
+{
+ return -ENOSYS;
+}
+#endif
/* Find an unused file structure and return a pointer to it.
* Returns NULL, if there are no more free file structures or
@@ -78,14 +94,20 @@ struct file *get_empty_filp(void)
/*
* Privileged users can go above max_files
*/
- if (files_stat.nr_files >= files_stat.max_files &&
- !capable(CAP_SYS_ADMIN))
- goto over;
+ if (get_nr_files() >= files_stat.max_files && !capable(CAP_SYS_ADMIN)) {
+ /*
+ * percpu_counters are inaccurate. Do an expensive check before
+ * we go and fail.
+ */
+ if (percpu_counter_sum(&nr_files) >= files_stat.max_files)
+ goto over;
+ }
f = kmem_cache_alloc(filp_cachep, GFP_KERNEL);
if (f == NULL)
goto fail;
+ percpu_counter_inc(&nr_files);
memset(f, 0, sizeof(*f));
if (security_file_alloc(f))
goto fail_sec;
@@ -101,10 +123,10 @@ struct file *get_empty_filp(void)
over:
/* Ran out of filps - report that */
- if (files_stat.nr_files > old_max) {
+ if (get_nr_files() > old_max) {
printk(KERN_INFO "VFS: file-max limit %d reached\n",
- files_stat.max_files);
- old_max = files_stat.nr_files;
+ get_max_files());
+ old_max = get_nr_files();
}
goto fail;
@@ -276,4 +298,5 @@ void __init files_init(unsigned long mempages)
if (files_stat.max_files < NR_FILE)
files_stat.max_files = NR_FILE;
files_defer_init();
+ percpu_counter_init(&nr_files);
}