path: root/kernel/sys.c
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2013-06-12reboot: rigrate shutdown/reboot to boot cpuRobin Holt
We recently noticed that reboot of a 1024 cpu machine takes approx 16 minutes of just stopping the cpus. The slowdown was tracked to commit f96972f2dc63 ("kernel/sys.c: call disable_nonboot_cpus() in kernel_restart()"). The current implementation does all the work of hot removing the cpus before halting the system. We are switching to just migrating to the boot cpu and then continuing with shutdown/reboot. This also has the effect of not breaking x86's command line parameter for specifying the reboot cpu. Note, this code was shamelessly copied from arch/x86/kernel/reboot.c with bits removed pertaining to the reboot_cpu command line parameter. Signed-off-by: Robin Holt <> Tested-by: Shawn Guo <> Cc: "Srivatsa S. Bhat" <> Cc: H. Peter Anvin <> Cc: Thomas Gleixner <> Cc: Ingo Molnar <> Cc: Russ Anderson <> Cc: Robin Holt <> Cc: Russell King <> Cc: Guan Xuetao <> Cc: <> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <>
2013-05-01Merge branch 'for-linus' of ↵Linus Torvalds
git:// Pull compat cleanup from Al Viro: "Mostly about syscall wrappers this time; there will be another pile with patches in the same general area from various people, but I'd rather push those after both that and vfs.git pile are in." * 'for-linus' of git:// syscalls.h: slightly reduce the jungles of macros get rid of union semop in sys_semctl(2) arguments make do_mremap() static sparc: no need to sign-extend in sync_file_range() wrapper ppc compat wrappers for add_key(2) and request_key(2) are pointless x86: trim sys_ia32.h x86: sys32_kill and sys32_mprotect are pointless get rid of compat_sys_semctl() and friends in case of ARCH_WANT_OLD_COMPAT_IPC merge compat sys_ipc instances consolidate compat lookup_dcookie() convert vmsplice to COMPAT_SYSCALL_DEFINE switch getrusage() to COMPAT_SYSCALL_DEFINE switch epoll_pwait to COMPAT_SYSCALL_DEFINE convert sendfile{,64} to COMPAT_SYSCALL_DEFINE switch signalfd{,4}() to COMPAT_SYSCALL_DEFINE make SYSCALL_DEFINE<n>-generated wrappers do asmlinkage_protect make HAVE_SYSCALL_WRAPPERS unconditional consolidate cond_syscall and SYSCALL_ALIAS declarations teach SYSCALL_DEFINE<n> how to deal with long long/unsigned long long get rid of duplicate logics in __SC_....[1-6] definitions
2013-04-30kernel/sys.c: make prctl(PR_SET_MM) generally availableAmnon Shiloh
The purpose of this patch is to allow privileged processes to set their own per-memory memory-region fields: start_code, end_code, start_data, end_data, start_brk, brk, start_stack, arg_start, arg_end, env_start, env_end. This functionality is needed by any application or package that needs to reconstruct Linux processes, that is, to start them in any way other than by means of an "execve()" from an executable file. This includes: 1. Restoring processes from a checkpoint-file (by all potential user-level checkpointing packages, not only CRIU's). 2. Restarting processes on another node after process migration. 3. Starting duplicated copies of a running process (for reliability and high-availablity). 4. Starting a process from an executable format that is not supported by Linux, thus requiring a "manual execve" by a user-level utility. 5. Similarly, starting a process from a networked and/or crypted executable that, for confidentiality, licensing or other reasons, may not be written to the local file-systems. The code that does that was already included in the Linux kernel by the CRIU group, in the form of "prctl(PR_SET_MM)", but prior to this was enclosed within their private "#ifdef CONFIG_CHECKPOINT_RESTORE", which is normally disabled. The patch removes those ifdefs. Signed-off-by: Amnon Shiloh <> Cc: Cyrill Gorcunov <> Cc: Pavel Emelyanov <> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <>
2013-04-30kernel/timer.c: move some non timer related syscalls to kernel/sys.cStephen Rothwell
Andrew Morton noted: akpm3:/usr/src/25> grep SYSCALL kernel/timer.c SYSCALL_DEFINE1(alarm, unsigned int, seconds) SYSCALL_DEFINE0(getpid) SYSCALL_DEFINE0(getppid) SYSCALL_DEFINE0(getuid) SYSCALL_DEFINE0(geteuid) SYSCALL_DEFINE0(getgid) SYSCALL_DEFINE0(getegid) SYSCALL_DEFINE0(gettid) SYSCALL_DEFINE1(sysinfo, struct sysinfo __user *, info) COMPAT_SYSCALL_DEFINE1(sysinfo, struct compat_sysinfo __user *, info) Only one of those should be in kernel/timer.c. Who wrote this thing? [ coding-style fixes] Signed-off-by: Stephen Rothwell <> Acked-by: Thomas Gleixner <> Cc: Guenter Roeck <> Cc: Al Viro <> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <>
2013-04-08PM / reboot: call syscore_shutdown() after disable_nonboot_cpus()Huacai Chen
As commit 40dc166c (PM / Core: Introduce struct syscore_ops for core subsystems PM) say, syscore_ops operations should be carried with one CPU on-line and interrupts disabled. However, after commit f96972f2d (kernel/sys.c: call disable_nonboot_cpus() in kernel_restart()), syscore_shutdown() is called before disable_nonboot_cpus(), so break the rules. We have a MIPS machine with a 8259A PIC, and there is an external timer (HPET) linked at 8259A. Since 8259A has been shutdown too early (by syscore_shutdown()), disable_nonboot_cpus() runs without timer interrupt, so it hangs and reboot fails. This patch call syscore_shutdown() a little later (after disable_nonboot_cpus()) to avoid reboot failure, this is the same way as poweroff does. For consistency, add disable_nonboot_cpus() to kernel_halt(). Signed-off-by: Huacai Chen <> Cc: <> Signed-off-by: Rafael J. Wysocki <>
2013-03-22poweroff: change orderly_poweroff() to use schedule_work()Oleg Nesterov
David said: Commit 6c0c0d4d1080 ("poweroff: fix bug in orderly_poweroff()") apparently fixes one bug in orderly_poweroff(), but introduces another. The comments on orderly_poweroff() claim it can be called from any context - and indeed we call it from interrupt context in arch/powerpc/platforms/pseries/ras.c for example. But since that commit this is no longer safe, since call_usermodehelper_fns() is not safe in interrupt context without the UMH_NO_WAIT option. orderly_poweroff() can be used from any context but UMH_WAIT_EXEC is sleepable. Move the "force" logic into __orderly_poweroff() and change orderly_poweroff() to use the global poweroff_work which simply calls __orderly_poweroff(). While at it, remove the unneeded "int argc" and change argv_split() to use GFP_KERNEL. We use the global "bool poweroff_force" to pass the argument, this can obviously affect the previous request if it is pending/running. So we only allow the "false => true" transition assuming that the pending "true" should succeed anyway. If schedule_work() fails after that we know that work->func() was not called yet, it must see the new value. This means that orderly_poweroff() becomes async even if we do not run the command and always succeeds, schedule_work() can only fail if the work is already pending. We can export __orderly_poweroff() and change the non-atomic callers which want the old semantics. Signed-off-by: Oleg Nesterov <> Reported-by: Benjamin Herrenschmidt <> Reported-by: David Gibson <> Cc: Lucas De Marchi <> Cc: Feng Hong <> Cc: Kees Cook <> Cc: Serge Hallyn <> Cc: "Eric W. Biederman" <> Cc: "Rafael J. Wysocki" <> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <>
2013-03-03switch getrusage() to COMPAT_SYSCALL_DEFINEAl Viro
Signed-off-by: Al Viro <>
2013-02-27usermodehelper: cleanup/fix __orderly_poweroff() && argv_free()Oleg Nesterov
__orderly_poweroff() does argv_free() if call_usermodehelper_fns() returns -ENOMEM. As Lucas pointed out, this can be wrong if -ENOMEM was not triggered by the failing call_usermodehelper_setup(), in this case both __orderly_poweroff() and argv_cleanup() can do kfree(). Kill argv_cleanup() and change __orderly_poweroff() to call argv_free() unconditionally like do_coredump() does. This info->cleanup() is not needed (and wrong) since 6c0c0d4d "fix bug in orderly_poweroff() which did the UMH_NO_WAIT => UMH_WAIT_EXEC change, we can rely on the fact that CLONE_VFORK can't return until do_execve() succeeds/fails. Signed-off-by: Oleg Nesterov <> Reported-by: Lucas De Marchi <> Cc: David Howells <> Cc: James Morris <> Cc: hongfeng <> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <>
2013-02-26Merge branch 'for-linus' of ↵Linus Torvalds
git:// Pull vfs pile (part one) from Al Viro: "Assorted stuff - cleaning namei.c up a bit, fixing ->d_name/->d_parent locking violations, etc. The most visible changes here are death of FS_REVAL_DOT (replaced with "has ->d_weak_revalidate()") and a new helper getting from struct file to inode. Some bits of preparation to xattr method interface changes. Misc patches by various people sent this cycle *and* ocfs2 fixes from several cycles ago that should've been upstream right then. PS: the next vfs pile will be xattr stuff." * 'for-linus' of git:// (46 commits) saner proc_get_inode() calling conventions proc: avoid extra pde_put() in proc_fill_super() fs: change return values from -EACCES to -EPERM fs/exec.c: make bprm_mm_init() static ocfs2/dlm: use GFP_ATOMIC inside a spin_lock ocfs2: fix possible use-after-free with AIO ocfs2: Fix oops in ocfs2_fast_symlink_readpage() code path get_empty_filp()/alloc_file() leave both ->f_pos and ->f_version zero target: writev() on single-element vector is pointless export kernel_write(), convert open-coded instances fs: encode_fh: return FILEID_INVALID if invalid fid_type kill f_vfsmnt vfs: kill FS_REVAL_DOT by adding a d_weak_revalidate dentry op nfsd: handle vfs_getattr errors in acl protocol switch vfs_getattr() to struct path default SET_PERSONALITY() in linux/elf.h ceph: prepopulate inodes only when request is aborted d_hash_and_lookup(): export, switch open-coded instances 9p: switch v9fs_set_create_acl() to inode+fid, do it before d_instantiate() 9p: split dropping the acls from v9fs_set_create_acl() ...
2013-02-25Merge branch 'for-linus' of ↵Linus Torvalds
git:// Pull user namespace and namespace infrastructure changes from Eric W Biederman: "This set of changes starts with a few small enhnacements to the user namespace. reboot support, allowing more arbitrary mappings, and support for mounting devpts, ramfs, tmpfs, and mqueuefs as just the user namespace root. I do my best to document that if you care about limiting your unprivileged users that when you have the user namespace support enabled you will need to enable memory control groups. There is a minor bug fix to prevent overflowing the stack if someone creates way too many user namespaces. The bulk of the changes are a continuation of the kuid/kgid push down work through the filesystems. These changes make using uids and gids typesafe which ensures that these filesystems are safe to use when multiple user namespaces are in use. The filesystems converted for 3.9 are ceph, 9p, afs, ocfs2, gfs2, ncpfs, nfs, nfsd, and cifs. The changes for these filesystems were a little more involved so I split the changes into smaller hopefully obviously correct changes. XFS is the only filesystem that remains. I was hoping I could get that in this release so that user namespace support would be enabled with an allyesconfig or an allmodconfig but it looks like the xfs changes need another couple of days before it they are ready." * 'for-linus' of git:// (93 commits) cifs: Enable building with user namespaces enabled. cifs: Convert struct cifs_ses to use a kuid_t and a kgid_t cifs: Convert struct cifs_sb_info to use kuids and kgids cifs: Modify struct smb_vol to use kuids and kgids cifs: Convert struct cifsFileInfo to use a kuid cifs: Convert struct cifs_fattr to use kuid and kgids cifs: Convert struct tcon_link to use a kuid. cifs: Modify struct cifs_unix_set_info_args to hold a kuid_t and a kgid_t cifs: Convert from a kuid before printing current_fsuid cifs: Use kuids and kgids SID to uid/gid mapping cifs: Pass GLOBAL_ROOT_UID and GLOBAL_ROOT_GID to keyring_alloc cifs: Use BUILD_BUG_ON to validate uids and gids are the same size cifs: Override unmappable incoming uids and gids nfsd: Enable building with user namespaces enabled. nfsd: Properly compare and initialize kuids and kgids nfsd: Store ex_anon_uid and ex_anon_gid as kuids and kgids nfsd: Modify nfsd4_cb_sec to use kuids and kgids nfsd: Handle kuids and kgids in the nfs4acl to posix_acl conversion nfsd: Convert nfsxdr to use kuids and kgids nfsd: Convert nfs3xdr to use kuids and kgids ...
2013-02-22new helper: file_inode(file)Al Viro
Signed-off-by: Al Viro <>
2013-02-21sys_prctl(): coding-style cleanupAndrew Morton
Remove a tabstop from the switch statement, in the usual fashion. A few instances of weirdwrapping were removed as a result. Cc: Chen Gang <> Cc: Cyrill Gorcunov <> Acked-by: Kees Cook <> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <>
2013-02-21sys_prctl(): arg2 is unsigned long which is never < 0Chen Gang
arg2 will never < 0, for its type is 'unsigned long' Also, use the provided macros. Signed-off-by: Chen Gang <> Reported-by: Cyrill Gorcunov <> Acked-by: Kees Cook <> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <>
2012-12-26userns: Allow unprivileged rebootLi Zefan
In a container with its own pid namespace and user namespace, rebooting the system won't reboot the host, but terminate all the processes in it and thus have the container shutdown, so it's safe. Signed-off-by: Li Zefan <> Signed-off-by: Eric W. Biederman <>
2012-11-28cputime: Rename thread_group_times to thread_group_cputime_adjustedFrederic Weisbecker
We have thread_group_cputime() and thread_group_times(). The naming doesn't provide enough information about the difference between these two APIs. To lower the confusion, rename thread_group_times() to thread_group_cputime_adjusted(). This name better suggests that it's a version of thread_group_cputime() that does some stabilization on the raw cputime values. ie here: scale on top of CFS runtime stats and bound lower value for monotonicity. Signed-off-by: Frederic Weisbecker <> Cc: Ingo Molnar <> Cc: Peter Zijlstra <> Cc: Thomas Gleixner <> Cc: Steven Rostedt <> Cc: Paul Gortmaker <>
2012-10-19use clamp_t in UNAME26 fixKees Cook
The min/max call needed to have explicit types on some architectures (e.g. mn10300). Use clamp_t instead to avoid the warning: kernel/sys.c: In function 'override_release': kernel/sys.c:1287:10: warning: comparison of distinct pointer types lacks a cast [enabled by default] Reported-by: Fengguang Wu <> Signed-off-by: Kees Cook <> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <>
2012-10-19kernel/sys.c: fix stack memory content leak via UNAME26Kees Cook
Calling uname() with the UNAME26 personality set allows a leak of kernel stack contents. This fixes it by defensively calculating the length of copy_to_user() call, making the len argument unsigned, and initializing the stack buffer to zero (now technically unneeded, but hey, overkill). CVE-2012-0957 Reported-by: PaX Team <> Signed-off-by: Kees Cook <> Cc: Andi Kleen <> Cc: PaX Team <> Cc: Brad Spengler <> Cc: <> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <>
2012-10-06poweroff: fix bug in orderly_poweroff()hongfeng
orderly_poweroff is trying to poweroff platform in two steps: step 1: Call user space application to poweroff step 2: If user space poweroff fail, then do a force power off if force param is set. The bug here is, step 1 is always successful with param UMH_NO_WAIT, which obey the design goal of orderly_poweroff. We have two choices here: UMH_WAIT_EXEC which means wait for the exec, but not the process; UMH_WAIT_PROC which means wait for the process to complete. we need to trade off the two choices: If using UMH_WAIT_EXEC, there is potential issue comments by Serge E. Hallyn: The exec will have started, but may for whatever (very unlikely) reason fail. If using UMH_WAIT_PROC, there is potential issue comments by Eric W. Biederman: If the caller is not running in a kernel thread then we can easily get into a case where the user space caller will block waiting for us when we are waiting for the user space caller. Thanks for their excellent ideas, based on the above discussion, we finally choose UMH_WAIT_EXEC, which is much more safe, if the user application really fails, we just complain the application itself, it seems a better choice here. Signed-off-by: Feng Hong <> Acked-by: Kees Cook <> Acked-by: Serge Hallyn <> Cc: "Eric W. Biederman" <> Acked-by: "Rafael J. Wysocki" <> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <>
2012-10-06kernel/sys.c: call disable_nonboot_cpus() in kernel_restart()Shawn Guo
As kernel_power_off() calls disable_nonboot_cpus(), we may also want to have kernel_restart() call disable_nonboot_cpus(). Doing so can help machines that require boot cpu be the last alive cpu during reboot to survive with kernel restart. This fixes one reboot issue seen on imx6q (Cortex-A9 Quad). The machine requires that the restart routine be run on the primary cpu rather than secondary ones. Otherwise, the secondary core running the restart routine will fail to come to online after reboot. Signed-off-by: Shawn Guo <> Cc: <> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <>
2012-09-26switch simple cases of fget_light to fdgetAl Viro
Signed-off-by: Al Viro <>
2012-09-26switch prctl_set_mm_exe_file() to fget_light()Al Viro
Signed-off-by: Al Viro <>
2012-07-30kernel/sys.c: avoid argv_free(NULL)Andrew Morton
If argv_split() failed, the code will end up calling argv_free(NULL). Fix it up and clean things up a bit. Addresses Coverity report 703573. Cc: Cyrill Gorcunov <> Cc: Kees Cook <> Cc: Serge Hallyn <> Cc: "Eric W. Biederman" <> Cc: WANG Cong <> Cc: Alan Cox <> Cc: David Rientjes <> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <>
2012-07-30prctl: remove redunant assignment of "error" to zeroSasikantha babu
Just setting the "error" to error number is enough on failure and It doesn't require to set "error" variable to zero in each switch case, since it was already initialized with zero. And also removed return 0 in switch case with break statement Signed-off-by: Sasikantha babu <> Acked-by: Kees Cook <> Acked-by: Serge E. Hallyn <> Cc: Cyrill Gorcunov <> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <>
2012-07-11c/r: prctl: less paranoid prctl_set_mm_exe_file()Konstantin Khlebnikov
"no other files mapped" requirement from my previous patch (c/r: prctl: update prctl_set_mm_exe_file() after mm->num_exe_file_vmas removal) is too paranoid, it forbids operation even if there mapped one shared-anon vma. Let's check that current mm->exe_file already unmapped, in this case exe_file symlink already outdated and its changing is reasonable. Plus, this patch fixes exit code in case operation success. Signed-off-by: Konstantin Khlebnikov <> Reported-by: Cyrill Gorcunov <> Tested-by: Cyrill Gorcunov <> Cc: Oleg Nesterov <> Cc: Matt Helsley <> Cc: Kees Cook <> Cc: KOSAKI Motohiro <> Cc: Tejun Heo <> Cc: Pavel Emelyanov <> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <>
2012-06-20c/r: prctl: Move PR_GET_TID_ADDRESS to a proper placeCyrill Gorcunov
During merging of PR_GET_TID_ADDRESS patch the code has been misplaced (it happened to appear under PR_MCE_KILL) in result noone can use this option. Fix it by moving code snippet to a proper place. Signed-off-by: Cyrill Gorcunov <> Acked-by: Kees Cook <> Cc: Oleg Nesterov <> Cc: Pavel Emelyanov <> Cc: Andrey Vagin <> Cc: Serge Hallyn <> Cc: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <>
2012-06-07c/r: prctl: drop VMA flags test on PR_SET_MM_ stack data assignmentCyrill Gorcunov
In commit b76437579d13 ("procfs: mark thread stack correctly in proc/<pid>/maps") the stack allocated via clone() is marked in /proc/<pid>/maps as [stack:%d] thus it might be out of the former mm->start_stack/end_stack values (and even has some custom VMA flags set). So to be able to restore mm->start_stack/end_stack drop vma flags test, but still require the underlying VMA to exist. As always note this feature is under CONFIG_CHECKPOINT_RESTORE and requires CAP_SYS_RESOURCE to be granted. Signed-off-by: Cyrill Gorcunov <> Cc: Oleg Nesterov <> Acked-by: Kees Cook <> Cc: Pavel Emelyanov <> Cc: Serge Hallyn <> Cc: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <>
2012-06-07c/r: prctl: add ability to get clear_tid_addressCyrill Gorcunov
Zero is written at clear_tid_address when the process exits. This functionality is used by pthread_join(). We already have sys_set_tid_address() to change this address for the current task but there is no way to obtain it from user space. Without the ability to find this address and dump it we can't restore pthread'ed apps which call pthread_join() once they have been restored. This patch introduces the PR_GET_TID_ADDRESS prctl option which allows the current process to obtain own clear_tid_address. This feature is available iif CONFIG_CHECKPOINT_RESTORE is set. [ fix prctl numbering] Signed-off-by: Andrew Vagin <> Signed-off-by: Cyrill Gorcunov <> Cc: Pedro Alves <> Cc: Oleg Nesterov <> Cc: Pavel Emelyanov <> Cc: Tejun Heo <> Acked-by: Kees Cook <> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <>
2012-06-07c/r: prctl: add minimal address test to PR_SET_MMCyrill Gorcunov
Make sure the address being set is greater than mmap_min_addr (as suggested by Kees Cook). Signed-off-by: Cyrill Gorcunov <> Acked-by: Kees Cook <> Cc: Serge Hallyn <> Cc: Tejun Heo <> Cc: Pavel Emelyanov <> Cc: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <>
2012-06-07c/r: prctl: update prctl_set_mm_exe_file() after mm->num_exe_file_vmas removalKonstantin Khlebnikov
A fix for commit b32dfe377102 ("c/r: prctl: add ability to set new mm_struct::exe_file"). After removing mm->num_exe_file_vmas kernel keeps mm->exe_file until final mmput(), it never becomes NULL while task is alive. We can check for other mapped files in mm instead of checking mm->num_exe_file_vmas, and mark mm with flag MMF_EXE_FILE_CHANGED in order to forbid second changing of mm->exe_file. Signed-off-by: Konstantin Khlebnikov <> Reviewed-by: Cyrill Gorcunov <> Cc: Oleg Nesterov <> Cc: Matt Helsley <> Cc: Kees Cook <> Cc: KOSAKI Motohiro <> Cc: Tejun Heo <> Cc: Pavel Emelyanov <> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <>
2012-05-31c/r: prctl: add ability to set new mm_struct::exe_fileCyrill Gorcunov
When we do restore we would like to have a way to setup a former mm_struct::exe_file so that /proc/pid/exe would point to the original executable file a process had at checkpoint time. For this the PR_SET_MM_EXE_FILE code is introduced. This option takes a file descriptor which will be set as a source for new /proc/$pid/exe symlink. Note it allows to change /proc/$pid/exe if there are no VM_EXECUTABLE vmas present for current process, simply because this feature is a special to C/R and mm::num_exe_file_vmas become meaningless after that. To minimize the amount of transition the /proc/pid/exe symlink might have, this feature is implemented in one-shot manner. Thus once changed the symlink can't be changed again. This should help sysadmins to monitor the symlinks over all process running in a system. In particular one could make a snapshot of processes and ring alarm if there unexpected changes of /proc/pid/exe's in a system. Note -- this feature is available iif CONFIG_CHECKPOINT_RESTORE is set and the caller must have CAP_SYS_RESOURCE capability granted, otherwise the request to change symlink will be rejected. Signed-off-by: Cyrill Gorcunov <> Reviewed-by: Oleg Nesterov <> Cc: KOSAKI Motohiro <> Cc: Pavel Emelyanov <> Cc: Kees Cook <> Cc: Tejun Heo <> Cc: Matt Helsley <> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <>
2012-05-31c/r: prctl: extend PR_SET_MM to set up more mm_struct entriesCyrill Gorcunov
During checkpoint we dump whole process memory to a file and the dump includes process stack memory. But among stack data itself, the stack carries additional parameters such as command line arguments, environment data and auxiliary vector. So when we do restore procedure and once we've restored stack data itself we need to setup mm_struct::arg_start/end, env_start/end, so restored process would be able to find command line arguments and environment data it had at checkpoint time. The same applies to auxiliary vector. For this reason additional PR_SET_MM_(ARG_START | ARG_END | ENV_START | ENV_END | AUXV) codes are introduced. Signed-off-by: Cyrill Gorcunov <> Acked-by: Kees Cook <> Cc: Tejun Heo <> Cc: Andrew Vagin <> Cc: Serge Hallyn <> Cc: Pavel Emelyanov <> Cc: Vasiliy Kulikov <> Cc: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <> Cc: Michael Kerrisk <> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <>
2012-05-31kmod: convert two call sites to call_usermodehelper_fns()Boaz Harrosh
Both kernel/sys.c && security/keys/request_key.c where inlining the exact same code as call_usermodehelper_fns(); So simply convert these sites to directly use call_usermodehelper_fns(). Signed-off-by: Boaz Harrosh <> Cc: Oleg Nesterov <> Cc: Tetsuo Handa <> Cc: Ingo Molnar <> Cc: Peter Zijlstra <> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <>
2012-05-31sethostname/setdomainname: notify userspace when there is a change in ↵Sasikantha babu
uts_kern_table sethostname() and setdomainname() notify userspace on failure (without modifying uts_kern_table). Change things so that we only notify userspace on success, when uts_kern_table was actually modified. Signed-off-by: Sasikantha babu <> Cc: Paul Gortmaker <> Cc: Greg Kroah-Hartman <> Cc: WANG Cong <> Reviewed-by: Cyrill Gorcunov <> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <>
2012-05-23Merge branch 'for-linus' of ↵Linus Torvalds
git:// Pull user namespace enhancements from Eric Biederman: "This is a course correction for the user namespace, so that we can reach an inexpensive, maintainable, and reasonably complete implementation. Highlights: - Config guards make it impossible to enable the user namespace and code that has not been converted to be user namespace safe. - Use of the new kuid_t type ensures the if you somehow get past the config guards the kernel will encounter type errors if you enable user namespaces and attempt to compile in code whose permission checks have not been updated to be user namespace safe. - All uids from child user namespaces are mapped into the initial user namespace before they are processed. Removing the need to add an additional check to see if the user namespace of the compared uids remains the same. - With the user namespaces compiled out the performance is as good or better than it is today. - For most operations absolutely nothing changes performance or operationally with the user namespace enabled. - The worst case performance I could come up with was timing 1 billion cache cold stat operations with the user namespace code enabled. This went from 156s to 164s on my laptop (or 156ns to 164ns per stat operation). - (uid_t)-1 and (gid_t)-1 are reserved as an internal error value. Most uid/gid setting system calls treat these value specially anyway so attempting to use -1 as a uid would likely cause entertaining failures in userspace. - If setuid is called with a uid that can not be mapped setuid fails. I have looked at sendmail, login, ssh and every other program I could think of that would call setuid and they all check for and handle the case where setuid fails. - If stat or a similar system call is called from a context in which we can not map a uid we lie and return overflowuid. The LFS experience suggests not lying and returning an error code might be better, but the historical precedent with uids is different and I can not think of anything that would break by lying about a uid we can't map. - Capabilities are localized to the current user namespace making it safe to give the initial user in a user namespace all capabilities. My git tree covers all of the modifications needed to convert the core kernel and enough changes to make a system bootable to runlevel 1." Fix up trivial conflicts due to nearby independent changes in fs/stat.c * 'for-linus' of git:// (46 commits) userns: Silence silly gcc warning. cred: use correct cred accessor with regards to rcu read lock userns: Convert the move_pages, and migrate_pages permission checks to use uid_eq userns: Convert cgroup permission checks to use uid_eq userns: Convert tmpfs to use kuid and kgid where appropriate userns: Convert sysfs to use kgid/kuid where appropriate userns: Convert sysctl permission checks to use kuid and kgids. userns: Convert proc to use kuid/kgid where appropriate userns: Convert ext4 to user kuid/kgid where appropriate userns: Convert ext3 to use kuid/kgid where appropriate userns: Convert ext2 to use kuid/kgid where appropriate. userns: Convert devpts to use kuid/kgid where appropriate userns: Convert binary formats to use kuid/kgid where appropriate userns: Add negative depends on entries to avoid building code that is userns unsafe userns: signal remove unnecessary map_cred_ns userns: Teach inode_capable to understand inodes whose uids map to other namespaces. userns: Fail exec for suid and sgid binaries with ids outside our user namespace. userns: Convert stat to return values mapped from kuids and kgids userns: Convert user specfied uids and gids in chown into kuids and kgid userns: Use uid_eq gid_eq helpers when comparing kuids and kgids in the vfs ...
2012-05-03userns: Convert ptrace, kill, set_priority permission checks to work with ↵Eric W. Biederman
kuids and kgids Update the permission checks to use the new uid_eq and gid_eq helpers and remove the now unnecessary user_ns equality comparison. Acked-by: Serge Hallyn <> Signed-off-by: Eric W. Biederman <>
2012-05-03userns: Convert setting and getting uid and gid system calls to use kuid and ↵Eric W. Biederman
kgid Convert setregid, setgid, setreuid, setuid, setresuid, getresuid, setresgid, getresgid, setfsuid, setfsgid, getuid, geteuid, getgid, getegid, waitpid, waitid, wait4. Convert userspace uids and gids into kuids and kgids before being placed on struct cred. Convert struct cred kuids and kgids into userspace uids and gids when returning them. Signed-off-by: Eric W. Biederman <>
2012-05-03userns: Store uid and gid values in struct cred with kuid_t and kgid_t typesEric W. Biederman
cred.h and a few trivial users of struct cred are changed. The rest of the users of struct cred are left for other patches as there are too many changes to make in one go and leave the change reviewable. If the user namespace is disabled and CONFIG_UIDGID_STRICT_TYPE_CHECKS are disabled the code will contiue to compile and behave correctly. Acked-by: Serge Hallyn <> Signed-off-by: Eric W. Biederman <>
2012-04-14seccomp: add system call filtering using BPFWill Drewry
[This patch depends on's no_new_privs patch: The whole series including Andrew's patches can be found here: Complete diff here: ] This patch adds support for seccomp mode 2. Mode 2 introduces the ability for unprivileged processes to install system call filtering policy expressed in terms of a Berkeley Packet Filter (BPF) program. This program will be evaluated in the kernel for each system call the task makes and computes a result based on data in the format of struct seccomp_data. A filter program may be installed by calling: struct sock_fprog fprog = { ... }; ... prctl(PR_SET_SECCOMP, SECCOMP_MODE_FILTER, &fprog); The return value of the filter program determines if the system call is allowed to proceed or denied. If the first filter program installed allows prctl(2) calls, then the above call may be made repeatedly by a task to further reduce its access to the kernel. All attached programs must be evaluated before a system call will be allowed to proceed. Filter programs will be inherited across fork/clone and execve. However, if the task attaching the filter is unprivileged (!CAP_SYS_ADMIN) the no_new_privs bit will be set on the task. This ensures that unprivileged tasks cannot attach filters that affect privileged tasks (e.g., setuid binary). There are a number of benefits to this approach. A few of which are as follows: - BPF has been exposed to userland for a long time - BPF optimization (and JIT'ing) are well understood - Userland already knows its ABI: system call numbers and desired arguments - No time-of-check-time-of-use vulnerable data accesses are possible. - system call arguments are loaded on access only to minimize copying required for system call policy decisions. Mode 2 support is restricted to architectures that enable HAVE_ARCH_SECCOMP_FILTER. In this patch, the primary dependency is on syscall_get_arguments(). The full desired scope of this feature will add a few minor additional requirements expressed later in this series. Based on discussion, SECCOMP_RET_ERRNO and SECCOMP_RET_TRACE seem to be the desired additional functionality. No architectures are enabled in this patch. Signed-off-by: Will Drewry <> Acked-by: Serge Hallyn <> Reviewed-by: Indan Zupancic <> Acked-by: Eric Paris <> Reviewed-by: Kees Cook <> v18: - rebase to v3.4-rc2 - s/chk/check/ (, - allocate with GFP_KERNEL|__GFP_NOWARN ( - add a comment for get_u32 regarding endianness (akpm@) - fix other typos, style mistakes (akpm@) - added acked-by v17: - properly guard seccomp filter needed headers ( - tighten return mask to 0x7fff0000 v16: - no change v15: - add a 4 instr penalty when counting a path to account for seccomp_filter size ( - drop the max insns to 256KB ( - return ENOMEM if the max insns limit has been hit ( - move IP checks after args ( - drop !user_filter check ( - only allow explicit bpf codes ( - exit_code -> exit_sig v14: - put/get_seccomp_filter takes struct task_struct (, - adds seccomp_chk_filter and drops general bpf_run/chk_filter user - add seccomp_bpf_load for use by net/core/filter.c - lower max per-process/per-hierarchy: 1MB - moved nnp/capability check prior to allocation (all of the above: v13: - rebase on to 88ebdda6159ffc15699f204c33feb3e431bf9bdc v12: - added a maximum instruction count per path (, - removed copy_seccomp (, - reworded the prctl_set_seccomp comment ( v11: - reorder struct seccomp_data to allow future args expansion ( - style clean up, @compat dropped, compat_sock_fprog32 ( - do_exit(SIGSYS) (, - pare down Kconfig doc reference. - extra comment clean up v10: - seccomp_data has changed again to be more aesthetically pleasing ( - calling convention is noted in a new u32 field using syscall_get_arch. This allows for cross-calling convention tasks to use seccomp filters. ( - lots of clean up (thanks, Indan!) v9: - n/a v8: - use bpf_chk_filter, bpf_run_filter. update load_fns - Lots of fixes courtesy of -- fix up load behavior, compat fixups, and merge alloc code, -- renamed pc and dropped __packed, use bool compat. -- Added a hidden CONFIG_SECCOMP_FILTER to synthesize non-arch dependencies v7: (massive overhaul thanks to Indan, others) - added CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_SECCOMP_FILTER - merged into seccomp.c - minimal seccomp_filter.h - no config option (part of seccomp) - no new prctl - doesn't break seccomp on systems without asm/syscall.h (works but arg access always fails) - dropped seccomp_init_task, extra free functions, ... - dropped the no-asm/syscall.h code paths - merges with network sk_run_filter and sk_chk_filter v6: - fix memory leak on attach compat check failure - require no_new_privs || CAP_SYS_ADMIN prior to filter installation. ( - s/seccomp_struct_/seccomp_/ for macros/functions ( - cleaned up Kconfig ( - on block, note if the call was compat (so the # means something) v5: - uses syscall_get_arguments (,, - uses union-based arg storage with hi/lo struct to handle endianness. Compromises between the two alternate proposals to minimize extra arg shuffling and account for endianness assuming userspace uses offsetof(). (, - update Kconfig description - add include/seccomp_filter.h and add its installation - (naive) on-demand syscall argument loading - drop seccomp_t ( v4: - adjusted prctl to make room for PR_[SG]ET_NO_NEW_PRIVS - now uses current->no_new_privs (, - assign names to seccomp modes ( - fix style issues ( - reworded Kconfig entry ( v3: - macros to inline ( - init_task behavior fixed ( - drop creator entry and extra NULL check ( - alloc returns -EINVAL on bad sizing ( - adds tentative use of "always_unprivileged" as per and v2: - (patch 2 only) Signed-off-by: James Morris <>
2012-04-14Add PR_{GET,SET}_NO_NEW_PRIVS to prevent execve from granting privsAndy Lutomirski
With this change, calling prctl(PR_SET_NO_NEW_PRIVS, 1, 0, 0, 0) disables privilege granting operations at execve-time. For example, a process will not be able to execute a setuid binary to change their uid or gid if this bit is set. The same is true for file capabilities. Additionally, LSM_UNSAFE_NO_NEW_PRIVS is defined to ensure that LSMs respect the requested behavior. To determine if the NO_NEW_PRIVS bit is set, a task may call prctl(PR_GET_NO_NEW_PRIVS, 0, 0, 0, 0); It returns 1 if set and 0 if it is not set. If any of the arguments are non-zero, it will return -1 and set errno to -EINVAL. (PR_SET_NO_NEW_PRIVS behaves similarly.) This functionality is desired for the proposed seccomp filter patch series. By using PR_SET_NO_NEW_PRIVS, it allows a task to modify the system call behavior for itself and its child tasks without being able to impact the behavior of a more privileged task. Another potential use is making certain privileged operations unprivileged. For example, chroot may be considered "safe" if it cannot affect privileged tasks. Note, this patch causes execve to fail when PR_SET_NO_NEW_PRIVS is set and AppArmor is in use. It is fixed in a subsequent patch. Signed-off-by: Andy Lutomirski <> Signed-off-by: Will Drewry <> Acked-by: Eric Paris <> Acked-by: Kees Cook <> v18: updated change desc v17: using new define values as per 3.4 Signed-off-by: James Morris <>
2012-04-07userns: Disassociate user_struct from the user_namespace.Eric W. Biederman
Modify alloc_uid to take a kuid and make the user hash table global. Stop holding a reference to the user namespace in struct user_struct. This simplifies the code and makes the per user accounting not care about which user namespace a uid happens to appear in. Acked-by: Serge Hallyn <> Signed-off-by: Eric W. Biederman <>
2012-04-07userns: Add kuid_t and kgid_t and associated infrastructure in uidgid.hEric W. Biederman
Start distinguishing between internal kernel uids and gids and values that userspace can use. This is done by introducing two new types: kuid_t and kgid_t. These types and their associated functions are infrastructure are declared in the new header uidgid.h. Ultimately there will be a different implementation of the mapping functions for use with user namespaces. But to keep it simple we introduce the mapping functions first to separate the meat from the mechanical code conversions. Export overflowuid and overflowgid so we can use from_kuid_munged and from_kgid_munged in modular code. Acked-by: Serge Hallyn <> Signed-off-by: Eric W. Biederman <>
2012-04-07userns: Use cred->user_ns instead of cred->user->user_nsEric W. Biederman
Optimize performance and prepare for the removal of the user_ns reference from user_struct. Remove the slow long walk through cred->user->user_ns and instead go straight to cred->user_ns. Acked-by: Serge Hallyn <> Signed-off-by: Eric W. Biederman <>
2012-04-07userns: Remove unnecessary cast to struct user_struct when copying cred->user.Eric W. Biederman
In struct cred the user member is and has always been declared struct user_struct *user. At most a constant struct cred will have a constant pointer to non-constant user_struct so remove this unnecessary cast. Acked-by: Serge Hallyn <> Signed-off-by: Eric W. Biederman <>
2012-03-28pidns: add reboot_pid_ns() to handle the reboot syscallDaniel Lezcano
In the case of a child pid namespace, rebooting the system does not really makes sense. When the pid namespace is used in conjunction with the other namespaces in order to create a linux container, the reboot syscall leads to some problems. A container can reboot the host. That can be fixed by dropping the sys_reboot capability but we are unable to correctly to poweroff/ halt/reboot a container and the container stays stuck at the shutdown time with the container's init process waiting indefinitively. After several attempts, no solution from userspace was found to reliabily handle the shutdown from a container. This patch propose to make the init process of the child pid namespace to exit with a signal status set to : SIGINT if the child pid namespace called "halt/poweroff" and SIGHUP if the child pid namespace called "reboot". When the reboot syscall is called and we are not in the initial pid namespace, we kill the pid namespace for "HALT", "POWEROFF", "RESTART", and "RESTART2". Otherwise we return EINVAL. Returning EINVAL is also an easy way to check if this feature is supported by the kernel when invoking another 'reboot' option like CAD. By this way the parent process of the child pid namespace knows if it rebooted or not and can take the right decision. Test case: ========== #include <alloca.h> #include <stdio.h> #include <sched.h> #include <unistd.h> #include <signal.h> #include <sys/reboot.h> #include <sys/types.h> #include <sys/wait.h> #include <linux/reboot.h> static int do_reboot(void *arg) { int *cmd = arg; if (reboot(*cmd)) printf("failed to reboot(%d): %m\n", *cmd); } int test_reboot(int cmd, int sig) { long stack_size = 4096; void *stack = alloca(stack_size) + stack_size; int status; pid_t ret; ret = clone(do_reboot, stack, CLONE_NEWPID | SIGCHLD, &cmd); if (ret < 0) { printf("failed to clone: %m\n"); return -1; } if (wait(&status) < 0) { printf("unexpected wait error: %m\n"); return -1; } if (!WIFSIGNALED(status)) { printf("child process exited but was not signaled\n"); return -1; } if (WTERMSIG(status) != sig) { printf("signal termination is not the one expected\n"); return -1; } return 0; } int main(int argc, char *argv[]) { int status; status = test_reboot(LINUX_REBOOT_CMD_RESTART, SIGHUP); if (status < 0) return 1; printf("reboot(LINUX_REBOOT_CMD_RESTART) succeed\n"); status = test_reboot(LINUX_REBOOT_CMD_RESTART2, SIGHUP); if (status < 0) return 1; printf("reboot(LINUX_REBOOT_CMD_RESTART2) succeed\n"); status = test_reboot(LINUX_REBOOT_CMD_HALT, SIGINT); if (status < 0) return 1; printf("reboot(LINUX_REBOOT_CMD_HALT) succeed\n"); status = test_reboot(LINUX_REBOOT_CMD_POWER_OFF, SIGINT); if (status < 0) return 1; printf("reboot(LINUX_REBOOT_CMD_POWERR_OFF) succeed\n"); status = test_reboot(LINUX_REBOOT_CMD_CAD_ON, -1); if (status >= 0) { printf("reboot(LINUX_REBOOT_CMD_CAD_ON) should have failed\n"); return 1; } printf("reboot(LINUX_REBOOT_CMD_CAD_ON) has failed as expected\n"); return 0; } [ tweak and add comments] [ checkpatch fixes] Signed-off-by: Daniel Lezcano <> Acked-by: Serge Hallyn <> Tested-by: Serge Hallyn <> Reviewed-by: Oleg Nesterov <> Cc: Michael Kerrisk <> Cc: "Eric W. Biederman" <> Cc: Tejun Heo <> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <>
2012-03-23prctl: add PR_{SET,GET}_CHILD_SUBREAPER to allow simple process supervisionLennart Poettering
Userspace service managers/supervisors need to track their started services. Many services daemonize by double-forking and get implicitly re-parented to PID 1. The service manager will no longer be able to receive the SIGCHLD signals for them, and is no longer in charge of reaping the children with wait(). All information about the children is lost at the moment PID 1 cleans up the re-parented processes. With this prctl, a service manager process can mark itself as a sort of 'sub-init', able to stay as the parent for all orphaned processes created by the started services. All SIGCHLD signals will be delivered to the service manager. Receiving SIGCHLD and doing wait() is in cases of a service-manager much preferred over any possible asynchronous notification about specific PIDs, because the service manager has full access to the child process data in /proc and the PID can not be re-used until the wait(), the service-manager itself is in charge of, has happened. As a side effect, the relevant parent PID information does not get lost by a double-fork, which results in a more elaborate process tree and 'ps' output: before: # ps afx 253 ? Ss 0:00 /bin/dbus-daemon --system --nofork 294 ? Sl 0:00 /usr/libexec/polkit-1/polkitd 328 ? S 0:00 /usr/sbin/modem-manager 608 ? Sl 0:00 /usr/libexec/colord 658 ? Sl 0:00 /usr/libexec/upowerd 819 ? Sl 0:00 /usr/libexec/imsettings-daemon 916 ? Sl 0:00 /usr/libexec/udisks-daemon 917 ? S 0:00 \_ udisks-daemon: not polling any devices after: # ps afx 294 ? Ss 0:00 /bin/dbus-daemon --system --nofork 426 ? Sl 0:00 \_ /usr/libexec/polkit-1/polkitd 449 ? S 0:00 \_ /usr/sbin/modem-manager 635 ? Sl 0:00 \_ /usr/libexec/colord 705 ? Sl 0:00 \_ /usr/libexec/upowerd 959 ? Sl 0:00 \_ /usr/libexec/udisks-daemon 960 ? S 0:00 | \_ udisks-daemon: not polling any devices 977 ? Sl 0:00 \_ /usr/libexec/packagekitd This prctl is orthogonal to PID namespaces. PID namespaces are isolated from each other, while a service management process usually requires the services to live in the same namespace, to be able to talk to each other. Users of this will be the systemd per-user instance, which provides init-like functionality for the user's login session and D-Bus, which activates bus services on-demand. Both need init-like capabilities to be able to properly keep track of the services they start. Many thanks to Oleg for several rounds of review and insights. [ fix comment layout and spelling] [ add lengthy code comment from Oleg] Reviewed-by: Oleg Nesterov <> Signed-off-by: Lennart Poettering <> Signed-off-by: Kay Sievers <> Acked-by: Valdis Kletnieks <> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <>
2012-03-15prctl: use CAP_SYS_RESOURCE for PR_SET_MM optionCyrill Gorcunov
CAP_SYS_ADMIN is already overloaded left and right, so to have more fine-grained access control use CAP_SYS_RESOURCE here. The CAP_SYS_RESOUCE is chosen because this prctl option allows a current process to adjust some fields of memory map descriptor which rather represents what the process owns: pointers to code, data, stack segments, command line, auxiliary vector data and etc. Suggested-by: Michael Kerrisk <> Acked-by: Kees Cook <> Acked-by: Michael Kerrisk <> Cc: Pavel Emelyanov <> Cc: Tejun Heo <> Cc: Oleg Nesterov <> Cc: Paul Bolle <> Cc: KOSAKI Motohiro <> Signed-off-by: Cyrill Gorcunov <> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <>
2012-01-12c/r: prctl: add PR_SET_MM codes to set up mm_struct entriesCyrill Gorcunov
When we restore a task we need to set up text, data and data heap sizes from userspace to the values a task had at checkpoint time. This patch adds auxilary prctl codes for that. While most of them have a statistical nature (their values are involved into calculation of /proc/<pid>/statm output) the start_brk and brk values are used to compute an allowed size of program data segment expansion. Which means an arbitrary changes of this values might be dangerous operation. So to restrict access the following requirements applied to prctl calls: - The process has to have CAP_SYS_ADMIN capability granted. - For all opcodes except start_brk/brk members an appropriate VMA area must exist and should fit certain VMA flags, such as: - code segment must be executable but not writable; - data segment must not be executable. start_brk/brk values must not intersect with data segment and must not exceed RLIMIT_DATA resource limit. Still the main guard is CAP_SYS_ADMIN capability check. Note the kernel should be compiled with CONFIG_CHECKPOINT_RESTORE support otherwise these prctl calls will return -EINVAL. [ cache current->mm in a local, saving 200 bytes text] Signed-off-by: Cyrill Gorcunov <> Reviewed-by: Kees Cook <> Cc: Tejun Heo <> Cc: Andrew Vagin <> Cc: Serge Hallyn <> Cc: Pavel Emelyanov <> Cc: Vasiliy Kulikov <> Cc: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <> Cc: Michael Kerrisk <> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <>
2011-12-15[S390] cputime: add sparse checking and cleanupMartin Schwidefsky
Make cputime_t and cputime64_t nocast to enable sparse checking to detect incorrect use of cputime. Drop the cputime macros for simple scalar operations. The conversion macros are still needed. Signed-off-by: Martin Schwidefsky <>
2011-11-06Merge branch 'modsplit-Oct31_2011' of ↵Linus Torvalds
git:// * 'modsplit-Oct31_2011' of git:// (230 commits) Revert "tracing: Include module.h in define_trace.h" irq: don't put module.h into irq.h for tracking irqgen modules. bluetooth: macroize two small inlines to avoid module.h ip_vs.h: fix implicit use of module_get/module_put from module.h nf_conntrack.h: fix up fallout from implicit moduleparam.h presence include: replace linux/module.h with "struct module" wherever possible include: convert various register fcns to macros to avoid include chaining crypto.h: remove unused crypto_tfm_alg_modname() inline uwb.h: fix implicit use of asm/page.h for PAGE_SIZE pm_runtime.h: explicitly requires notifier.h linux/dmaengine.h: fix implicit use of bitmap.h and asm/page.h miscdevice.h: fix up implicit use of lists and types stop_machine.h: fix implicit use of smp.h for smp_processor_id of: fix implicit use of errno.h in include/linux/of.h of_platform.h: delete needless include <linux/module.h> acpi: remove module.h include from platform/aclinux.h miscdevice.h: delete unnecessary inclusion of module.h device_cgroup.h: delete needless include <linux/module.h> net: sch_generic remove redundant use of <linux/module.h> net: inet_timewait_sock doesnt need <linux/module.h> ... Fix up trivial conflicts (other header files, and removal of the ab3550 mfd driver) in - drivers/media/dvb/frontends/dibx000_common.c - drivers/media/video/{mt9m111.c,ov6650.c} - drivers/mfd/ab3550-core.c - include/linux/dmaengine.h
2011-11-02sysctl: add support for poll()Lucas De Marchi
Adding support for poll() in sysctl fs allows userspace to receive notifications of changes in sysctl entries. This adds a infrastructure to allow files in sysctl fs to be pollable and implements it for hostname and domainname. [ s/declare/define/ for definitions] Signed-off-by: Lucas De Marchi <> Cc: Greg KH <> Cc: Kay Sievers <> Cc: Al Viro <> Cc: "Eric W. Biederman" <> Cc: Alexey Dobriyan <> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <>